30 day notice to tenant

Navigate the complexities of lease termination with our guide on crafting a legally sound 30-day notice to tenant, ensuring clear communication and protecting your rights as a landlord.

Key Takeaways

  • Legal Compliance: Ensure your 30-day notice to tenant adheres to legal standards, specifying clear reasons for lease termination.
  • Clear Communication: Provide concise yet comprehensive information, including the termination date and any actions the tenant must take.
  • Certified Delivery: Send the notice via certified mail to ensure proof of delivery and to protect your legal position.
  • Template Utilization: Use a template for the 30-day notice to maintain structure and include all necessary details.
  • Preparation for Disputes: Be prepared for potential tenant disputes, using the notice as part of your legal documentation in eviction proceedings.

One of the most challenging experiences for many landlords is terminating a lease with a tenant. While finding good tenants can feel like a struggle, lease terminations can be a minefield!

Getting the very first steps in the process right, starting with your 30-day notice to vacate letter, can protect your legal rights and reinforce your ethical position.

Whether you’re breaking a lease with good tenants for administrative reasons or trying to regain control of your property from a tenant not living up to their end of a contract, there can be potential for misunderstanding and conflict. Appropriate and legally accurate communications can help minimize these issues.

A notice to vacate letter to the tenant, which usually must provide 30 days to comply, is the first step in the process.

If done correctly, this may be all that is required to terminate your landlord-tenant relationship. If they dispute the termination of the lease, this letter will form an essential part of your legal paperwork for eviction.

In this article, you’ll find detailed instructions on properly composing a 30-day notice to tenant. We’ll explain what you need to include in the letter, why, and how and when to deliver the notice to make it legally binding. Taking the time to get this notice right can save you in the long term.


What Is A Lease Termination Letter?

A lease termination letter indicates the early ending of a lease or the ending of a month-to-month lease renewal cycle. It may also be sent out to terminate a long-term rolling lease that automatically renews unless the landlord or tenant wants to terminate.

A tenant can prepare this letter to give to a landlord or vice versa. When this form is issued, the lease will be terminated.

What Is A Lease Termination Letter?

Termination vs. Eviction

New landlords (and tenants) can find the specific terminology used in real estate and property management overwhelming. Many words carry specific meanings in legal documentation, and terms such as ‘termination’ and ‘eviction’ can be confusing and seem combative.

Eviction refers to the legal court action when a tenant refuses to accept that their lease is no longer valid. This usually happens after a lease termination letter is sent to the tenant outlining why they are being asked to vacate the property, and the tenant disputes the facts presented or refuses to leave.

Termination, on the other hand, does not carry the same negative connotations. For example, the tenant may know you plan to sell the property in two months. Nevertheless, you still need to send them a notice of termination to document the end of their month-to-month agreement officially.

While you can use lease termination notices for eviction cases, this page focuses on 30-day notices, which are rarely used in eviction cases. The period for eviction-worthy termination notices can be as little as one day or as long as three weeks, depending on the situation.


When To Provide An End Of Lease Notice

Just as landlords and tenants have different responsibilities throughout the tenancy, they also have different procedures to follow at the end of the rental period. The notices, paperwork, and rules that must be followed will vary depending on each person’s role in the end-of-lease process.

End-of-lease notices can be divided into two main categories:

This page provides resources for landlords, so we’ll focus on the second category.

Landlords will likely need to turn to a 30-day notice to vacate in the following situations:

  • Lease will not be renewed
  • Month-to-month lease will be ending
  • Lease terms were broken
  • No cause termination (legal in some states)
  • Property will be sold, demolished, or otherwise unavailable for rent

As you can see, there are a wide variety of situations in which you may need to use this form, but the form will need to be tailored to suit the specific case.


Preparing A Simple 30-Day Notice To Tenant Letter

Guidelines for drafting a simple 30-day notice to tenant emphasize clarity and legality, ensuring the tenant understands the lease termination. When you are putting together an end-of-lease notice, certain things must be included:

  • When the lease will be terminated
  • Why the lease will be terminated
  • If there is any cure (or fix) the tenant can undertake to prevent termination
  • How long the tenant has to fix things, if applicable

A 30-day vacate notice to the tenant should be concise yet comprehensive, detailing the necessary information for lease termination. While many tenants will take this letter as an eviction notice, remember that this is not an eviction. It is a termination letter to end a lease that requires 30 days of notice.


The 30-Day Notice To Tenant Form

Now that you have a basic understanding of the 30-day notice to tenant, you must become familiar with the specific information required and why it’s essential to include these things in the lease termination letter.

Access our 30-day notice to vacate template to see a sample letter that landlords can use to notify tenants about lease termination.

Basic Information

All notices sent to tenants should include basic information, including all of the following:

  • Name and address of landlord
  • Name and address of tenant
  • Property in question
  • Date
  • Signature

Without this information on the letter itself, it’s possible that the letter won’t be considered appropriate or official by a court if your case comes to that point. For that reason, you always want to include these kinds of basic facts. Additionally, send this type of letter by certified mail so you have a receipt.

While you may feel you have a good relationship with your tenant and would like to deliver the letter to them, avoid doing this personally. Hand-delivering or slipping it under their door gives them grounds to claim they have not received the notice. You can inform the tenant of your intention to send the letter, but it should still be sent by certified mail.

When To Vacate

The most critical information you must include in this letter is when you plan to terminate the lease. If the tenant does not know when they are expected to vacate the property, it will be impossible for them to leave at the appropriate time.

When issuing a 30 days notice to vacate, ensure the termination date is set to at least 30 days from the notice dispatch date.

In most states, the 30 days must include an entire calendar month, so your date will likely have to be just over 30 days out. Additionally, some states require that you give extra notice of termination in specific situations, such as:

  • You will be moving into the property (60-day notice)
  • The original lease was not broken and was a term lease (60-day notice)
  • Additional notice as detailed in the rental agreement (30 days or the terms in the rental agreement, whichever is longer)

Therefore, it’s good to plan and promptly send this notice with accurate dates. Keeping this documentation very accurate is the key to success if your case is forced to go to eviction court.

What Will Happen

The next part of the letter details what the tenant must do within the notice period provided. Examples of required actions that might be listed in the letter include:

  • Pay your rent
  • Vacate the premises
  • Cure the breach

Whichever of these items applies must be done in a specific amount of time (usually shorter than the full notice period) to prevent termination, if that is an option. The letter then states that you will file for eviction if the tenant does not take action.

If you’re sending this 30-day notice because of a breach of contract, add another sentence or two detailing what clause of the lease contract the tenant broke and what they can do to amend that breach. Providing this clarity is important to give your tenant the proper chance to make things right.

If this is a no-cause termination, the end of a month-to-month lease, or another situation for which there is no cure, you don’t need to worry about giving the tenant a chance to repair any issues.

30-Day Notice To Tenants Checklist

If you doubt whether your 30-day notice letter provides all the relevant information, consider the following final checklist. Answering the simple questions of who, what, when, why, and how should cover all the essential information.

  • Who: Start with the tenant names, rental property address, landlord names, and the names of any other involved individuals.
  • What: State clearly what the notice is conveying. Is this a notice to pay rent or move out? Is this a notice to move out within 30 days, no matter what? Explain what’s going on.
  • When: Cover by when the tenant must take action or move out of the rental property; make sure to give an exact date that complies with your local laws.
  • Why: Explain why this is happening. If possible, reference the specific part of your lease agreement that is in question or allows this notice to be sent.
  • How: Talk about what will happen if the 30 days pass and nothing changes (i.e., file for eviction). Let the tenant know they can contact you with any questions.

For more thorough examples of what this type of notice will look like, you can view our sample template form here.


On What Grounds Can A Landlord End A Tenancy?

While specific circumstances under which a landlord might want to terminate a lease agreement can vary greatly, there are three main grounds under which a landlord can terminate a lease.

  1. Lease Period Is Ending

If your lease period is going to end soon, you can notify the tenant that they will not be able to rent the property any longer. Often, long-term leases are set to auto-renew at the end of a tenancy period unless one party gives notice. Notice can be given at any time to terminate month-to-month leases.

Despite being within your legal rights to terminate a lease now, you should provide your tenant with a reason. For example, you may intend to renovate or move into the property yourself. There may be additional restrictions on whether you can do this if your property is in a rent-control area.

As long as you follow what is legally in the agreement, you can give notice, which will begin the process of ending the tenancy. Just as you are careful about security deposit terms, be sure that all of your rental agreements are very clear about conditions for lease termination so this will never be an issue.

  1. Tenant Violated Lease Terms

If the tenant violated the lease agreement, you can give them notice to fix the issue or leave the property. Your state laws will determine if this will be a 30-day, 60-day, or another type of notice. If your tenant does not agree to leave the property, you can move forward to file for eviction and regain control of your property.

  1. Tenant Seriously Damaged Property

Sometimes, you can concisely notify your tenant to quit the property. Tenants who seriously damage the property, commit crimes at the property, or otherwise jeopardize the property through their actions can be asked to leave much more quickly than standard lease-breakers. Check your local laws for the exact terms of this type of eviction.

Limitations Of 30-Day Notice Letters

It’s important to remember that, as a landlord, you cannot use a 30-day notice letter to change the terms of a lease agreement. The lease agreement can only be changed by signing a new agreement between the landlord and the tenant.

You can send a 30-day notice letter at the end of a lease agreement advising the tenant that they can only renew the lease if they agree to an updated lease agreement. It is then their decision whether to agree to the new lease terms or vacate the property.


FAQs About 30-Day Notice To Tenant Forms

Here are the frequently asked questions on terminating a lease using a 30-day notice.

What Are the Key Points to Remember When Issuing a 30-Day Notice?

When issuing a 30-day notice to a tenant for lease termination, it’s crucial to ensure legal compliance by clearly stating the reason for termination, communicating all necessary details concisely, using a structured template, sending the notice via certified mail for documented delivery, and preparing for any potential disputes that may arise. This notice will be essential in eviction proceedings if the tenant does not comply.

How Do You Write A 30-Day Notice?

You can use the sample notice letter to tenant to move out available on our site as a basis for writing a 30-day termination notice. The letter should be tailored to cover the details of your case. The essential information to provide includes:

  • Basic information: Indicate who the tenant is, who the landlord is, the address of the property in question, and the names of any other parties involved.
  • When to vacate: What date will the tenant need to vacate? This should be at least 30 days from the date of the letter, and in some cases may need to be longer.
  • Why the tenant must vacate: Inform them of the reason you’re terminating the lease. If there has been a violation of the lease conditions, you should specify where these terms are stated in the lease and exactly how they have been broken.
  • What the tenant can do to resolve the issue: If the tenant has the opportunity to fix a problem and continue with their lease, details on how they can do this should be included in the letter.
  • What will happen if they do not comply: Specify what will happen if they do not vacate the property or resolve outstanding issues.

Remember to date and sign the letter and send it by certified post so you have a receipt. Termination letters need not be notarized; the landlord or their agent should just sign them.

Does A 30-Day Notice Letter Have To Be Notarized?

30-day termination letters do not have to be notarized to be considered official. They only need to be signed by the landlord or agent. In most cases, eviction letters also do not need to be notarized. However, checking the local laws in your state or county is good practice. For example, in Florida, your eviction notice, but not your termination notice, should be notarized by a County Clerk.

Can 30-Day Tenant Notice Letters Be Delivered Via Email?

In most states, 30-day tenant notice letters can be emailed if the landlord and tenant agree to online communication channels. Be sure to include this stipulation in the lease agreement. Ensure you double-check the rules about the use of email in your area, as they vary.

What Happens When You Give A 30-Day Notice?

Once you give your tenant a 30-day notice, it’s time to wait. Unfortunately, you cannot do much until the tenant contacts you, takes action, or overstays their tenancy period. If the tenant decides to challenge the 30-day notice early, you may be able to move forward with an eviction case.

If the tenant pays up or fixes the breach of lease, you can move on with your regular landlord duties. The 30-day written notice will no longer be in effect, but it’s a good idea to watch for future violations.

Finally, you can file for eviction proceedings as soon as the tenant overstays their lease period after receiving the written notice. From there, the court system will guide you through the eviction process.

What Happens If A Tenant Refuses To Leave After A 30-Day Notice Letter?

If a tenant refuses to vacate a property after receiving appropriate written notice from the landlord, the landlord is within their rights to file an eviction lawsuit. The exact process for this varies based on local laws, but there are consistent steps across the board. You should file an eviction complaint with the local county clerk, and an eviction notice will then be delivered to your tenant by the authorities.

A judge will then review the eviction case to ensure it’s legal. You should provide a copy of the signed lease, a record of all payments, and copies of all relevant communications between yourself and the tenant as supporting evidence, including your 30-day tenant notice letter.

If the judge agrees that the tenant’s eviction is legal and that they must vacate the property, the tenant will have a deadline to do this and pay any fees. If they do not comply, local law enforcement will be called in.

Can You Give A 30-Day Notice Mid-Month?

Yes, you can give a 30-day notice any time during a tenancy period. However, state or local laws may require tenants to have at least a full calendar month to prepare to move out.

This means that if you were to deliver a 30-day written notice mid-month, the dates by which the tenant would need to leave would be more than 30 days out. To find out how you need to date and utilize your 30-day notice, familiarize yourself with local and state laws to be sure you follow the required notice.

How Much Notice Does A Landlord Need To Give?

Exactly how much notice a landlord needs to give to terminate a lease with a tenant depends on the details listed in the lease agreement. Usually, a 30-day notice period is standard for rolling monthly contracts or if you need to end a fixed-term contract early. That 30 days is considered a full calendar month, so it can be slightly longer depending on the month of the year.

Some rental agreements stipulate a more extended notice period, and you should choose 30 days or the notice period indicated in the contract, whichever is longer.

There are also some exceptional cases for which local laws require a longer notice period. For example, many states require that landlords give a 60-day notice period to tenants who intend to move into the property themselves.

How Do You Politely Ask A Tenant To Move Out?

If you want to get rid of tenants without sending a 30-day notice or filing for eviction, you must be thoughtful and careful about handling things. Doing anything to intimidate or force tenants into leaving is illegal, so be sure you are not doing either.

You are, however, allowed to agree with a tenant to let them leave early, and two methods may be successful in this way.

  1. The Cash For Keys Method

Are you planning on filing for eviction but hoping the tenant will leave sooner? You can offer them a cash-for-keys arrangement. In this situation, you and the tenant will sign an agreement that says you will not file for eviction or collect any further rent, and they will return the keys.

This can be beneficial in situations even with good tenants. If you want to stop renting the property but the tenancy period is not up, you can offer your tenant an upfront lump sum to move out early. Depending on your financial situation, this may or may not benefit you. Regardless, it is an option.

  1. Simply Ask

In some cases, you may be able to ask your tenant if they would be willing to shorten their lease period. Explaining why you’re requesting this will help your case, but not all tenants will be comfortable with the idea.

To further incentivize your tenants to consider moving out early, you can help them cover moving costs or help them contact other local landlords with properties available.